The Hypertext Transfer Protocol or HTTP is a protocol for switching and sending hypertext. HTTP is an application protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems. Hypertext is the type of structured text that works with logical links or hyperlinks between nodes containing the text.
When talking about HTTP, we need to mention the Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure (HTTPS) which is a communications protocol for reliable communication over a computer network, with especially wide deployment on the Internet.
HTTPS is the outcome of layering the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) on top of the SSL/TLS protocol, connecting the security ability of SSL/TLS to standard HTTP communications.
HTTP works as a request-response protocol in the client-server computing model. How it looks: the client submits an HTTP request message to the server. The server, which stores resources such as HTML files and other types of content and other functions for the client, returns a response message to the client. The response has completion status information about the request and may also contain requested content in the message body.